The security of your computer can affect the safety of your online experience – and your kids’. Talk to your kids regularly about the responsibility they have to protect the family’s personal information, and how to reduce the risk of their computer contracting a virus or other malicious software.
Teaching Computer Security
Talk to your kids about:
- Protecting their personal information. Social Security numbers, account numbers, and passwords are examples of information to keep private.
- Watching out for "free" stuff. Free games, ring tones, or other downloads can hide malware. Tell your kids not to download anything unless they trust the source and they've scanned it with security software.
- Using strong email passwords and protect them. The longer the password, the harder it is to crack. Personal information, your login name, common words, or adjacent keys on the keyboard are not safe passwords. Kids can protect their passwords by not sharing them with anyone, including their friends.
- In addition, be sure your family computers are protected by reputable security software and use basic computer security practices.
P2P File Sharing
Some kids share music, games, or software online. Peer-to-peer (P2P) file-sharing allows people to share these kinds of files through an informal network of computers running the same software. P2P file-sharing has risks:
- You could accidentally provide many people with access to your private files.
- If your kids download copyrighted material, you could get mired in legal issues.
- A shared file could hide spyware, malware, or pornography.
Here are some tips to help your kids share files safely:
- Install file-sharing software properly. Activate the proper settings so that nothing private is shared.
- Before your kids open or play any file they’ve downloaded, advise them to use security software to scan it. Make sure the security software is up-to-date and running when the computer is connected to the internet.
Phishing is when scam artists send fake text, email, or pop-up messages to get people to share their personal and financial information. Criminals use the information to commit identity theft.
Here are tips you can share with your kids to help them avoid a phishing scam:
- Don't reply to text, email, or pop-up messages that ask for personal or financial information, and don't follow any links in the message.
- Be cautious about opening any attachment or downloading any files from emails you receive, regardless of who sent them. Unexpected files may contain malware.
- Get your kids involved, so they can develop their scam “antennas” and careful internet habits. Look for "teachable moments" — if you get a phishing message, show it to your kids. A demonstration can help them recognize a potential phishing scam and help them understand that messages on the internet aren't always what they seem. Learn more about Phishing.
Adapted from onguardonline.gov